Osteoarthritis, or arthrosis, is the most common joint disease that causes changes in the articular cartilage, articular capsule and articular bone. Osteoarthritis is most commonly found in the hips, knees, fingers, and joints between the spine. In osteoarthritis, cartilage tissue on the surfaces of articulated bones is damaged, degenerated and partially lost. Damage to cartilage surfaces results in overgrowth of bones, formation of bone spikes and inflammatory changes in the surrounding articular capsule. Joint pain and ache are the result of these joint inflammatory changes and the diminished function of the inflamed joints. With osteoarthritis, joint mobility is reduced and defective positions begin to form.
The mechanism of osteoarthritis birth is not fully understood, but the predisposing factors include repetitive and strenuous movements, static work postures, smoking, joint injuries, excessive sitting, posture defects, overweight and hereditary factors. Osteoarthritis is most common in the elderly population. Osteoarthritis can possibly be prevented by increasing the metabolism-enhancing exercise of the joints, which should be exercised several times a day, and by strengthening the muscles that support the joint. The changes in the joints caused by osteoarthritis cannot be cured, but the progression of the disease can be slowed down and the pain and symptoms relieved by proper training and pain medication.
Physiotherapy for osteoarthritis
Conservative treatment of osteoarthritis focuses on alleviating pain, maintaining function and preventing the disease from getting worse.
Exercise therapy is an effective form of physiotherapy for osteoarthritis.
It is important to maintain fitness and suitable sports are cycling, swimming, water running, and sports that do not burden the affected joint.