Low back pain

Back pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal problems. Often the pain affects the lower back and lumbar spine. All anatomical structures of the spine, such as muscles, muscle membranes, bone, nerve tissue, joints and ligaments, can cause back pain. Factors that predispose to back pain include physically demanding work on the back, vibration, uncomfortable work postures, sedentary work, smoking, being overweight, hereditary factors, psychosocial factors and low physical activity. Most back problems are harmles and self-healing. For the prevention and treatment of back pain, it is important to maintain adequate daily physical activity and to maintain spine mobility, deep abdominal muscles and buttocks.


MOTION AND MOTION CONTROL DISORDERS OF LOW BACK

In motion and motion control disorders of low back, the symptoms are provoked in certain positions or movements of the back and relieved at rest. The pain is caused when the anatomical structures of the spine are loaded, which also usually progressively worsens during the day. As a certain position or motion of the back causes pain, the person gradually begins to fear the strain on the back and avoid painful movements. This in turn causes compensation movements. Often there is overweight, inadequacy, back and abdominal muscles in the background and not enough exercise.


VERTEBRA DISEASES

The most common vertebrae diseases of the lumbar vertebrae are the intervertebral degeneration of the vertebrae, the diaphragm, or the rupture of the disc. Various changes in the vertebrae itself can also occur, such as degeneration of the vertebrae, displacement and softening of the bone structure, breakdown of the vertebrae, and osteoarthritis of the small joints. Splenic degeneration is mainly related to aging and, in the phenomenon, the gel-like core of the septum loses its flexibility and fluidity. These changes cause thinning of the septum, impaired response to spinal movements, and narrowing of the nerve root opening between the vertebrae. Spacer disc or bulge is most commonly a discomfort for those of working age. As the bulge expands, the gel-like core of the vertebral disc expands outward, constricting the nerve root of the spinal nerve. In a ruptured septum, the gel-like core of the vertebral septum has vented out of the septum and chemically irritates the nerve root of the spinal nerve. The most common symptom of these septal lesions is back pain and radiation or shock pain in the lower limbs. The prognosis for herniation, congestion and tear is generally good, and most of them heal by themselves.

SCIATICA

The most common cause of a sciatica problem is a lumbar disc in the lumbar spine that depresses or irritates the sciatic nerve. The main symptom is a radiating pain in the buttocks, back of the thighs, calf and even toes. In some cases, lower limb muscular strength, numbness and stitching may also occur. Symptoms usually worsen under load and in certain positions. Although stroke symptoms may initially be intense, the prognosis for healing is good.


SI-ARTIFICIAL PAIN

SI joints are located on both sides of the back of the pelvis, articulating the sacrum and the ileum. The function of these articular surfaces is to support the weight of the upper body and distribute the weight across the lower limbs. The SI joints are very strong and stable, so they have very little mobility. However, SI joints may exhibit malfunctions and misalignments involving lateral rotation and tilt of the pelvis. The malfunction can cause local pain in the lower back as well as radiating pain in the groin, buttocks and back of the thigh.


LUMBAGO

Lumbago is more a symptom than a disease. The lumbago can follow uncontrolled movement or jerking of the back, causing stretching of the back support structures, which strongly activates the body muscles to protect this area of ​​injury. Due to intense muscle tension, it is typically difficult to maintain a normal upright posture. The symptom is usually sudden lower back pain. Lumbago is a common disorder and usually heals by itself.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR ACUTE BACK PAIN

  • Back pain is a very common and harmless ailment.

  • Usually self-healing within a few days or weeks.

  • The period of pain does not leave permanent damage.

  • Physical activity is very beneficial despite the pain.

  • Back pain is a very common and harmless ailment.

  • Usually self-healing within a few days or weeks.

  • The period of pain does not leave permanent damage.

  • Physical activity is very beneficial despite the pain.

Physiotherapy for low back pain

Active back rehabilitation should be started in a timely manner to prevent problems and pain from becoming chronic.

Most back problems are treated conservatively, ie without surgery.

The most effective form of physiotherapy for back problems is exercise therapy.

Treatment of chronic back pain is a long-term process and requires commitment, motivation and responsibility from the client.